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Posted May 19, 19 8:06 by William Duffney (bill duffney)

Consignee Transatlantic — Unnecessary Coincidental Background Note

The family of one of the addressees, Jonathan Pim, had a very successful department store on South Great George Street in Dublin. Much later in time they added a stamp department.


Posted May 19, 19 7:32 by William Duffney (bill duffney)

Transatlantic Consignee Mail

Info added to previous postings.


Posted May 19, 19 3:56 by David Snow (dwsnow)

Transatlantic Consignee Mail

Bill Duffney: Thanks for posting your three Consignee covers to Dublin, Ireland. I like the "Liverpool Exempt Ship" markings, and the packet ship directives. Please tell me what is the originating city (New York, perhaps?) and dates of your covers.

David Handelman: Thank you for sharing your exhibit pages showing Consignee Mail to Quebec and Prince Edward Island. Great items with neat write-ups.

Bernard Biales: Thanks for sharing your thoughts on whether postage charges were actually made on incoming Consignee Mail that was deposited in U.S. post offices. I encourage you to post any such covers from your collection. It would be great to see them. As on the covers that Bill D. and David H. posted, it is nice when letters are identified as such by a directive.

Posted May 19, 19 3:28 by David Snow (dwsnow)

Jamaica Post Offices

Chuck C. and David Benson,

Thank you for your posts with information and images about Myrtle Bank Hotel and Lascelles, Jamaica post offices. I had mistakenly thought that the postmarks on my Consignee Letter were private markings. Glad that you both set me straight. The extensive listing of Jamaica post offices and years established that you provided, David, was particularly helpful. And I appreciate, Chuck, your listing the reference books about Jamaica postal history.

So I decided to check my World-Wide stamp albums (including from my childhood) and was pleasantly surprised to find that I have some Jamaica stamps with the same style 28-29 mm  double-rimmed postmark as on my Consignee Letter. Below is image. The top stamp is postmarked from Salt Gut Ap 25 38, the next one is from either Dry Harbour or Old Harbour De 31, next is Kingston Au 29 35, and one at bottom is Montego Bay Fe 4 56.

And similar to the postmarks from Lascelles and Myrtle Bank on my cover, the stamp with Harbour in the postmark is missing the year date.

All of this confirms that my Consignee Letter, although privately carried as part of a shipment by ship from the Cayman Islands into Jamaica, did enter the Jamaica postal system.


Posted May 18, 19 18:35 by Bernard Biales (bernard b)

Consignee letters -- to pay or not to pay, that is the question

The USA rule for these things, when taken to the PO for delivery out of the post office, is ambiguous.  There is some suggestion that at Boston, sometimes no charge was made for this service.  And maybe also on steamboat letters at New Orleans.  I have some material on this but have not put it together systematically to compare the rated and unrated covers.

Posted May 18, 19 14:43 by David Handelman (davidh)

consignee letters, UK to Canada

A couple of them are shown in my Canada--UK exhibit, pages 29--30 (or 22--23) of on Richard's site. They are difficult to find to Canada (especially PEI).

Posted May 18, 19 13:11 by William Duffney (bill duffney)

Consignee Transatlantic

A third —

29 April 1847 — datelined New York from the Office of the Quaker Irish Relief Standing Committee to the Dublin CRC. This letter was endorsed Consignees and Packet Ship Siddons via Liverpool and was handed directly to the ship purser.

30 April 1847 — The Quaker owned Siddons embarked from New York on this date.

29 May 1847 — stamped on arrival at Liverpool with LIVERPOOL/EXEMPT SHIP (Tabeart Type EXSL1, in use 1840-1864) marking. The manuscript 4 postage due is the reduced rate of 2d for the Master’s gratuity plus 2d for double rate postage from Liverpool to Dublin. Under 3/4 Victoria C96 para 35, ‘Consignees’ letters paid no Ship Letter rate, and no Inland Rate if addressed to the port of entry. The Post Office was allowed to recover the cost of the Master’s gratuity and could charge Inland Postage at the prepaid rate if addressed elsewhere. On the reverse is a Type S16 truncated box 29 MY 1847/LIVERPOOL/SHIP handstamp.

30 May 1847 — crossed the Irish Sea via smaller vessel, an orange-red 27mm 8/MY 30/C Dublin backstamp was added.


Posted May 18, 19 12:54 by William Duffney (bill duffney)

Consignee Transatlantic

Two from my collection.

15 October 1847 — datelined New York from the office of the GRC to the Central Relief Committee in Dublin. The letter is endorsed Consignees and Packet Ship Cambridge. A duplicate of this letter was sent via the steamer Hibernia, which incidentally was owned by the Quaker Pim family of merchants.

11 November 1847 — arrived at Liverpool where a black Type S16 truncated box 11 NO 1847/LIVERPOOL/SHIP handstamp was applied to the reverse. The very rare LIVERPOOL/EXEMPT (Tabeart Type EXSL 1, in use 1840-1864) marking was struck on the front. Along with it is the equally as rare large script 3 postage due handstamp, which represents the reduced rate of 2d for the Master’s gratuity plus 1d for postage from Liverpool to Dublin. Under 3/4 Victoria C96 para 35, consignees letters paid no Ship Letter rate, and no Inland Rate if addressed to the port of entry. The Post Office was allowed to recover the cost of the master’s gratuity and could charge Inland Postage at the prepaid rate if addressed elsewhere.

12 November 1847 — crossed the Irish Sea via smaller vessel to Dublin where an orange-red 27mm 8/NO 12/1847/C arrival backstamp was added.


Posted May 18, 19 12:44 by William Duffney (bill duffney)

Consignee Transatlantic

Two from my collection.

30 March 1847 — The Packet Ship Europe cleared from New York on this date. This letter, from the Office of the Quaker Irish Relief Standing Committee to the Dublin CRC was endorsed Consignees and Packet Ship Europe, then was handed directly to the ship purser.

26 April 1847 — stamped on arrival at Liverpool with the scarce/rare LIVERPOOL/EXEMPT ship (Tabeart Type EXSL1, in use 1840-1864) marking. The manuscript 4 postage due is the reduced rate of 2d for the Master’s gratuity plus 2d for double rate postage from Liverpool to Dublin. Under 3/4 Victoria C96 para 35, ‘consignees’ letters paid no Ship Letter rate, and no Inland Rate if addressed to the port of entry. The Post Office was allowed to recover the cost of the Master’s gratuity and could charge Inland Postage at the prepaid rate if addressed elsewhere. On the reverse is a Type S16 truncated box 26 AP 1847/LIVERPOOL/SHIP handstamp.

27 April 1847 — crossed the Irish Sea via smaller vessel, an orange-red 27mm 2/AP 27/F(?) Dublin backstamp was added.


Posted May 18, 19 3:28 by Charles E. Cwiakala (

Lascelles, Jamaica, P.O. - Additional Details ...

According to the Aguilar handbook referenced previously, the Lascelles P.O. opened 12th December 1921 using a TRD similar to, but shorter than, the one employed by the Myrtle Bank Hotel. The original Lascelles TRD was recorded as being used at the time of the report during 6th January-5th May 1922. A second Lascelles TRD, now a large framed oblong, began its use later in the 1920s. For those not familiar with Jamaican (and other British Caribbean areas) TRDs, they deteriorate rapidly from the stamping ink used, having a lifetime proportional to the number times that they were used. BTW: the traditional bible of Jamaica postal history, "JAMAICA: Its Postal History, Postage Stamps & Postmarks" (Stanley Gibbons, 1928), and the updating "JAMAICA: The Postal History, 1672-1860 (Robson Lowe Ltd., 1968), add nothing to what already has been offered.

Posted May 18, 19 2:18 by Bernard Biales (bernard b)


Actually, low humidity is consisdered nonoptimal.  Around 70% is best.  What is really emphasized is constant humidity.   I have never seen an explanation of that.  My pure speculation is that variations cause minute dimensional changes that wear at the fibers and cause disintergration over time.  Of course humidity too high is especially dangerous.  On the other hand, when you see a six hundred yeaar old piece of Italian or Chinese paper  maybe it is not too fussy.

Posted May 18, 19 1:48 by David Benson (dbenson)

Lascelles, Jamaice

According to British Commonmwealth Postmarks by Robert Cragg.

Lascelles, Kingston Post Office was opened in 1921,

David B.

Posted May 18, 19 0:43 by Charles E. Cwiakala (

Myrtle Bank Hotel, Kingston, Jamaica ...

The 1918 reconstructed and WWII then-current era hotel that housed British, American and Australian (and other nation's officers?) military personnel   ...


Posted May 18, 19 0:42 by Charles E. Cwiakala (

Myrtle Bank Hotel, Kingston, Jamaica ...

The 1890 rebuilt hotel, constructed for the 1891 Jamaica "Great International Exhibition"   ...


Posted May 18, 19 0:39 by Charles E. Cwiakala (

Myrtle Bank Hotel, Kingston, Jamaica ...

The 1870 original "hotel and sanitarium"   ...


Posted May 18, 19 0:33 by Charles E. Cwiakala (

Myrtle Bank Hotel, Kingston, Jamaica ...

Similar to it's Swiss counterparts, the Myrtle Bank had its very own Post Office in the early 1900's for the convenience of their guests. Posted at that office, the mails were stamped wth a unique purple ink TRD (Temporary Rubber Datestamp), mostly addressed on picture postcards to the U.S.A. and U.K., that are much sought by Jamaica collectors. The image is from "The Philatelic Handbook of Jamaica", Everard F. Aguilar, 1949.


Posted May 17, 19 23:55 by David Snow (dwsnow)


Ken: Thanks for information. What you say makes sense.

And your Linn's article discussing Consignee Letters was most helpful.

Posted May 17, 19 23:06 by Ken Lawrence (kenlawrence)


Is not a consignee letter. It might be an overpaid or underpaid paquebot letter.

Posted May 17, 19 23:03 by David Snow (dwsnow)

Myrtle Bank Hotel

Here is the history of the Myrtle Bank Hotel, Kingston, Jamaica, where Ensign Hawkins could be found:

Built in the mid-1800s, the Myrtle Bank, owned by Scotsman James Gall, was converted from a shipyard into a select boarding house and offered personal advice on health issues. By 1875 when downtown Christmas Bazaars became popular and drew large crowds, the Myrtle Bank became a recreational and social center. A music stand was erected in the center of its tropical garden and The West India Regiment Band entertained large crowds twice a week. When Gall died the property was acquired by the government and a modern hotel with long French windows that opened on all sides into verandahs, was built on the site in preparation for the Great Exhibition of 1891. It was destroyed in the 1907 earthquake, reconstructed in 1918 and sold to the United Fruit Company. At that time it was the largest hotel in Jamaica with 205 rooms and a filtered salt water pool. See link for photos.

Posted May 17, 19 22:44 by David Snow (dwsnow)

Consignee Mail to Kingston, Jamaica

Here is the back of that Consignee cover to Jamaica.

The cover, sent in 1943 or later, was addressed to a Ensign Hawkins, U.S. Navy, at the Myrtle Bank Hotel in Kingston Jamaica. The marking on the back, "Myrtle Bank, Jamaica Fe 10" also appears to be a private marking. I find no record of a post office by that name in Jamaica. Which leads me to believe this cover was handled entirely out of the mails, in accordance to what Ken Lawrence wrote about such Consignee mail. And I suppose the 1½d postage affixed in stamps (uncanceled) was the international rate between the Cayman Islands and Jamaica.


Posted May 17, 19 22:37 by David Snow (dwsnow)

Consignee Mail

This is the only example I have of Consignee Mail in my collection. In this case bearing 1½d total postage from Cayman Islands to Kingston, Jamaica. The Cayman Islands are in the Carribbean Sea, about 200 miles NW of Jamaica. The ½d stamps are perf. 14, thus issued in 1943.

The marking at front is "Lascelles, Jamaica Fe 9". As far as I can tell, this was a private company in Kingston, still in existence. I find no record of a post office by that name in Jamaica. Next I will post the back, which shows a different private marking.

Ken Lawrence posted on this Board, on March 1st, information about Consignee Letters. Here are some excerpts taken from his 2015 article published in Linn's:

Consignee letters,

which pertained only to the vessel or the consignment, went directly aboard foreign-bound vessels without passing through a post office.

With one exception, U.S. postal laws and regulations required all U.S. mails carried by foreign vessels to be deposited at a post office and processed according to standard procedures. The exception was consignee mail, sealed letters relating to such vessel or any part of the cargo thereof as may be directed to the owners or consignees of the vessel, which could be loaded directly aboard the ship along with the related cargo.

Consignee mail was subject to postage charges whether addressed to any person in the U.S. or elsewhere. It was another foreign equivalent of letters carried out of the mails by private couriers and express companies, with the required postage rated as international mail rather than domestic mail.


Posted May 17, 19 21:29 by David Snow (dwsnow)

Fiji postal history

While researching the cover to Suva, Fiji, I found online a very informative descriptive booklet about Fiji Stamps and Postal History published by the Royal Philatelic Society, London in 2017. One of the covers shown on the title page has the same style Suva postmark as the cover I showed.  See link

Posted May 17, 19 21:16 by David Snow (dwsnow)

Consignee mail

This unusual postal entire was offered to me by a British dealer at a recent show. There are no markings on the back. I did not buy it but was able to obtain a photocopy. From the description it is identified as a scarce example of "Consignee" mail from Suva, Fiji. What I don't understand is why it is franked with 3c postage, which is neither the U.S. domestic rate (2c) at the time, nor the UPU rate (5c). Fiji joined the UPU in 1891.

I suspect it is merely a convenience use, rather than Consignee mail. Similar to if a German tourist used a German postal entire dropped off at the Suva post office, locally addressed. But the foreign postage, such as this, was not valid in Fiji. Or maybe this cover is a type of paquebot usage, if the ship bringing it to Fiji was of U.S. registry, in which case the foreign postage was accepted.

If someone could comment on this unusual use, it would be appreciated. Thank you.

By the way, Tony Eastgate was a noted British collector of Fiji postal history. In 1996 he exhibited 12 frames of Fiji postal history at the Royal Philatelic Society in London.


Posted May 17, 19 13:02 by Rainer Fuchs (rainer)

Stockholmia 2019

My wife and me wll be there from 26 May till 3. June.

Will attend the Vernissage (28th. May) Stockholmia Club Dinner (29th May)  as well as Palmares (1st. June), the other days, better said evenings, we are free...

Posted May 17, 19 11:48 by Hugh Feldman (feldman)

Stockholmia 2019

Dear fellow board followers,

I notice that a number of us are attending Stockholmia 2019 at the end of this month. If any of you are interested in getting together on one of the evenings which do not have formal events then let me know and I will try to arrange something.

Hugh Feldman

Posted May 16, 19 21:39 by Steven Chiknas (chiknas1)

Restoration vs preservation

Would like to point out that stopping the progression of damage (preservation) is a necessary evil where if nothing is done the object of preservation is destroyed while restoration is an attempt to reverse the deterioration of appearance due to whatever damaged the item. Think Leonardo's last supper fresco. Stopping moisture damage followed by a flock of artists repainting the image. Necessary evil. Versus the Sistine chapel ceiling, where the cleaning process resulted in shocked viewers (pure restoration (OK coupled with needed preservation)). As long as the deterioration of a cover is halted (keep your foxed cover in a low humidity atmosphere and you are gold) one should learn to appreciate the aging process. I prefer my Greek statues as white marble rather than painted with realistic colors as the original artists created them. Last word, Richard, I promise.

Posted May 16, 19 20:08 by Jenny Lynch (jenny2p400)

WW2-era “Parcel Post” postmark

Many thanks for the excellent information!

A man in New York has been going through his father’s old letters, trying to fully understand them. I’m excited to finally be able to pass along some helpful information.

I’ll be sure to credit you all (and to pose my questions sooner, next time)!

Thanks again, Jenny

Posted May 16, 19 19:00 by Richard Frajola (frajola)

Posting of Images is back + Pensacola

This works now ... (and the full image)


Posted May 16, 19 18:46 by Louis Fiset (louisfiset)

WWII Parcel Post Markings

Good explanation by David and Ken on the use of Parcel Post markings on soldiers' mail to control the volume of packages going to soldiers overseas.  Attached is another example, this one of correspondence from a Japanese American soldier in Italy bearing a utility dater handstamp marking on both cover and letter.

It is worth noting here the irony of a combat soldier writing to his sister who is incarcerated at the Granada (Amache) Relocation Center on the basis of her ancestry.


Posted May 16, 19 17:21 by Ray Porter (rporter314)

Restoration & Conservation

Lots of talk about it, so does anyone have a short list of competent conservators?

I am thinking it may be useful to group or if not  ... email me.

Posted May 16, 19 17:06 by David Benson (dbenson)

1793 Freight Receipt, Liverpool to Philadelpia per Adriana.

Does anyone have any idea what the box of merchandise consisted of.

It was sent by Henry Norris to Jackson & Evans, Philadelphia,

David B.


Posted May 16, 19 16:26 by Ken Lawrence (kenlawrence)

Parcel request postmark

From the 8 January 1943 Postal Bulletin: "Parcels addressed to individuals at A. P. O.'s overseas must be accompanied with the approved written request from the addressee as above set forth when presented for mailing. The request shall be postmarked by the accepting employee in such manner as to prevent its reuse and then be returned to the sender."

Posted May 16, 19 16:24 by David Kent (davekent)

WW II Parcel Post Postmarks on Letters

In 1943 problems arose with so many people sending parcels to soldiers overseas, clogging transportation systems. At the request of the military, the POD issued rules saying that you could not send a parcel to a serviceman overseas unless you had a letter from him asking for the contents of the parcel. You had to bring the letter to the post office when you mailed the parcel, and the window clerk would place his postmark on the letter so it could not be used to mail another parcel. Occasionally you see the "parcel post" postmark on the cover, but more often on the letter itself. Look at the text of the letter; near the postmark you will invariably see the soldier asking for something. This has been the subject of several articles in the Military Postal History Society Bulletin.

Posted May 16, 19 16:13 by Bernard Biales (bernard b)


A tad of calcium bicarbonate is a bit vague.  I did have a conversation on this once with a trained paper conservationist working at a high level (million dollar properties) and he said that at one time a calcium and magnesium carbonate buffer was considered the logical add back.  Unfortunately, over time this proved to cause problems compared to doing nothing about rebuffering old paper.  I don't recall whether the magnesium was thought to be the problem or something else.
Clean up of stains sometimes involves some pretty horrible chemicals that need to be stopped at the right time.  I would add that overcleaning (see some Jarrett covers -- I think I have also seen some 1869s on exhibit that were overdone) can be aesthetically pretty horrible.

Posted May 16, 19 16:12 by Rainer Fuchs (rainer)

Newspaper Stamps

@William T. Crow,

thanks, much helpful...

Posted May 16, 19 16:07 by George Tyson (gtyson)


If I recall correctly, the article on paper conservation and restoration in Opinions IV was written by Frank Mandel. Frank is no neophyte when it comes to those things. He has had a lot of practice over the years. Furthermore, he has an innate talent for it which may be related to the fact that he is an exceptionally good artist. Therefore, the measures that he describes in his article have worked well in his hands but aren't necessarily a good idea for those who truly are neophytes. Again, my advice is to use a highly reputable paper conservator and not venture into the do-it-yourself approach unless it's an inexpensive and replaceable cover.

Posted May 16, 19 14:58 by Jerome Jarnick (jarnick)

WW2-era “Parcel Post” postmark on soldiers’ letters

During World War I(I, mail service to APOs was restricted.  A parcel could be sent to a soldier overseas only if the items had been requested by him.  When the parcel was mailed, the requesting letter was datestamped, often with a "Parcel Post" marking to show that the mailing had been completed and prevent re-use of the request for another shipment.

Posted May 16, 19 14:02 by William T. Crowe (wtcrowe)

Newspaper Stamps

It is a little difficult to tell from your scans, but the right stamp is not genuine and the left stamp appears to have a fake cancellation. The left stamp may also be not genuine, but I can't tell from your scan. There was no red 5¢ Newspsper stamp.

Posted May 16, 19 13:32 by Jenny Lynch (jenny2p400)

WW2-era “Parcel Post” postmark on soldiers’ letters

I’ve run across multiple 1944-1945 examples of letters sent via airmail, from U.S. soldiers homeward, postmarked “Parcel Post.” This was apparently done by the delivery offices prior to delivery — on the actual pages of the letter, not on the envelopes. One example is shown on the last page here:

I've looked high and low, but haven’t found an explanation for this.

Does anyone have any insight?


Posted May 16, 19 12:10 by Tim O'Connor (drtimo)


Sigh, I had the chance to talk to Hugh at New York 2016, where he had some of his material in the Court of Honor. We shared about an hour on a busy day 1. I gushed over the Colonials, but Hugh was more interested in explaining some of the rarer postmarks on UK stamps used abroad. After all, he said, "the PENSACOLA was not unique", and I pointed out the missing paper. We agreed that's why I stopped at $90,000. My regret was that I couldn't seem to engage him more about the American colonial era. He was a most singular person. My loss.


Posted May 16, 19 10:44 by Rainer Fuchs (rainer)

US Newspaper Stamps

A friend of mine is asking about the status of the red 5 Cents US Newspaper stamp. Was this a legitimate issue? I am afraid, i cannot help but maybe some knowledgeable members here???

OK, try this image link:

Posted May 16, 19 1:51 by Brian Buru (brianb)

US Ephemera Take 2

It seems there are some gremlins in the works, since the image did not get through the first time. If it fails again, I'm sorry!

Posted May 16, 19 1:40 by Brian Buru (brianb)

PMG Washington Correspondence

I am hoping to locate a sequence of letters exchanged between the Samoan Postmaster and the Washington Post Office Department between about 1887 and 1892. Are these likely to still exist in one of the US archives? If so, where? I suspect that a register of some sort is all that remains, but my glass is half-full.


Posted May 16, 19 1:38 by Brian Buru (brianb)

US Ephemera

Those interested in US history may like to see the attached image of a book on my shelves (scan size reduced by 50%). It was formerly in the library of Anson George McCook (1835-1917), one of the “Fighting McCooks” of Civil War fame. It’s not for sale!


Posted May 16, 19 0:31 by Steven Chiknas (chiknas1)


Don't know with which saying to start. Either "For every human problem there is a solution which is simple, neat and wrong" or "First do no harm" . One should encourage appreciation for what one has as is, rather than urge a neophyte to attempt that which several of us with advanced chemistry degrees see as alteration of a natural process with a multitude of causes (ie. foxing) each of which has a different remedy. Its your property. Do with it as you will. Just don't take advice offered as correct and benign without checking it out. Most harmless processes won't solve your problem, even after you find out what the actual cause is. Just say'n.

Posted May 15, 19 21:18 by Chip Gliedman (cgliedman)

Jamaica / Pensacola / Charlestown cover

Link to the cover Richard referred to:

Posted May 15, 19 19:54 by David Handelman (davidh)

distilled water

Bernard, you can always add a tad of baking soda to raise the pH. (I've soaked many covers in dilute baking soda solution for a day or so; hardly any were more damaged than when they were put in.)

Posted May 15, 19 17:07 by Bernard Biales (bernard b)

Conservation and distilled water

Distilled water in air is acid (think the sea life carbon dioxide is stressing) and so will eat up some of the natural buffering in the paper.  This may not be significant, at least in the short to medium term -- we do soak stamps and they generally keep.

Posted May 15, 19 15:30 by Ken Lawrence (kenlawrence)


When offered an opportunity to exhibit his best, Hugh Wood asked for twenty frames to show spectacular classic Bermuda postal history.

Posted May 15, 19 12:28 by Richard Frajola (frajola)


Chuck - I suppose Levitt may have been involved in some way as Hugh's agent on the Jamaica purchase but I think Floyd Risvold's commission, shown below, was pretty good.

I considered it to be the best piece in the Rohloff Jamaica collection. Sold to Hugh Wood at the Risvold auction (lot #10) for $100,000 (plus the buyer's premium).

(seem to be having problem uploading an image of the 1772 Pensacola + Iamaica + Charleston colonial straight lines on a letter fragment from St. Vincent, ex Glassco)

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